When the inner part of the base of your big toe joint swells, it may signalize the formation of a bunion. The condition is usually the result of a misalignment of the joints at the big toe. It can also occur due to an additional bone formation. Bunions are common foot diseases, which if not diagnosed and treated at the right time, can lead to amputation.
It is important to consult a medical expert when you notice any strange symptom on your foot, especially at the base of the big toenail. In your search for the right specialist, you can check online profiles and reviews of reliable providers in your area.
When the misalignment occurs, the big toe points outwards and begins to rotate in the direction of the smaller toes. It is a progressive condition and so the bunion grows with time even if the symptoms remain static. Fortunately, bunions can be treated with a lasting solution from foot specialists. For instance, residents of Houston, TX, and its environs can seek medical help from a reliable Houston podiatrist and foot surgeon, Dr. Anthony LaMarra.
Symptoms of bunions
- Redness at the base of the big toe
- Tenderness of the inflamed area
- Pain on the big toe
- Fluid-filled sacs on the skin around the affected area
Left without proper care, the condition can develop to record levels enough to cause arthritis. A rare type of bunion can also occur at the joint of the fifth toe. The effects are the same and those affected should see a specialist for the same treatment.
Common causes of bunions
There is no definite known cause of bunions. However, experts believe that the condition has to do with genetics, which can hamper the normal function and growth of the foot. Shoes don’t cause bunions directly but may worsen the condition, especially if you put on tight shoes under that condition. Nerve injuries, sprains, and fractures can also cause bunions.
Bunions do occur in people; what is important is the step you take after you notice the condition. Experts recommend that upon noticing the condition, you people should see a foot specialist immediately. In some cases, the bunion may just be the tip of a larger problem that only a medical expert can discover. Research has also revealed that bunions are more common in women and sometimes they may not even have symptoms.